Yukon Workers' Compensation Health and Safety Board

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Harmonization of Occupation Health and Safety Practices and Requirements

Harmonization of workplace occupational health and safety (OHS) practices and requirements – or simply, ‘harmonization’ – aims to standardize OHS regulations across the country in the interest of worker safety and cross-border labour efficiency.

The goal of harmonization is to reduce OHS-related technical barriers between jurisdictions, benefiting both workers and employers.

  • Workers will be prepared to work safely in any Canadian province or territory.
  • Yukon employers will be able to import the specialized workers they require from any jurisdiction.
  • Both employers and workers will benefit from reduced costs associated with crossing provincial/territorial boundaries for employment.

The Council of the Federation (a congress comprised of Canada’s premiers) made a commitment to reducing labour barriers between jurisdictions in 2015. Federal, provincial and territorial Ministers who meet regularly to discuss issues of mutual concern, endorsed the principles of harmonization in 2018. From this, the Regulatory Reconciliation and Cooperation Table, known as the RCT Agreement, was drafted and signed by all Ministers.

To meet the requirements of the RCT Agreement which became effective January 30, 2019, Yukon’s director of OHS has accepted the harmonized standards which will be adopted under the Yukon Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations.

The updated standards impact the following items of personal protective equipment and first aid kit contents:

  • Eye and face protection - 2015 CSA Standard (CSA Z94.3-15)
  • Head protection- 2015 CSA Standard (CSA Z94.1-15), except where it applies to firefighting
  • Foot protection- 2014 CSA Standard (CSA Z195-14)
  • Hearing protection- selection sections of the 2014 CSA Standard (CSAZ94.2-14)
  • First aid kit contents- 2017 CSA Standard (CSA Z1220-17)
  • PFD & Life Jacket approved by Transport Canada or an agency approved by Transport Canada

Further detail on how the new standards have been incorporated into the current Yukon OHS regulations can be found below.

For more information, please contact Occupational Health and Safety at 867-667-5450 or 800-661-0443, or email worksafe@gov.yk.ca.

Harmonization of Occupation Health and Safety Practices and Requirements

The following tables set out the current Yukon OHS regulation standards relating to items of personal protective equipment (PPE) and first aid (FA) contents, and how the national harmonized PPE & FA standards have been incorporated.

Eye and face protection - 2015 CSA Standard Z94.3-15

Common PPE & FA Standard 2015 CSA Standard Z94.3-15, Eye and Face Protectors
Description
 
Where eye or face protection is required by legislation or regulation CSA Z94.3 – 15 will be an accepted standard for eye/face protection in all jurisdictions.
Current Yukon Regulations
 

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations OIC 2006/178
Part 1 - General
 

Responsibility for PPE

1.09 All workers shall be provided, at no cost to the workers, with all personal protective equipment, specialty clothing or equipment required by these Regulations except those listed in section 1.08, and the equipment or clothing shall be

(a) selected, used and maintained to provide effective protection in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and recognized standards and these Regulations.

Eye and Face
1.23 Face protectors, prescription and non-prescription safety eyewear shall meet the requirements of

(a) CSA Standard Z94.3-02, Eye and Face Protectors,
(b) ANSI Standard Z87.1-2003, Occupational and Education Personal Eye and Face Protection Devices, or
(c) other similar standards acceptable to the director.

Implementation in Yukon Yukon will accept Z94.3-15 based on sections 1.09(a) and 1.23(c)
of the General Regulation.
 

Head protection - 2015 CSA Standard Z94.1-15

Common PPE & FA Standard 2015 CSA Standard Z94.1-15, Head Protection
Description
 
Where head protection is required by legislation or regulation CSA Z94.1-15 will be an accepted standard for head protection in all jurisdictions.
Current Yukon Regulations

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations OIC 2006/178
Part 1 - General
 
Responsibility for PPE
1.09 All workers shall be provided, at no cost to the workers, with all personal protective equipment, specialty clothing or equipment required by these regulations except those listed in section 1.08m and the equipment or clothing shall be

(a) selected, used and maintained to provide effective protection in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and recognized standards and these Regulations.
 
Headwear
1.18 Safety headwear shall be provided to and worn by workers and shall

(a) have a non-conductive rating where workers may be exposed to electrical hazards,
(b) be blaze orange, red or another high visibility color or have retro-reflective decaling to make the worker more visible, such as when working around moving equipment, in forestry operations or controlling traffic,
(c) meet the requirement of
       i. CSA Standard Z-94.1-05, Industrial Protective Headwear –
          Performance, Selection, Care and Use,
      ii. ANSI Standard Z89.1-2003, Industrial Head Protection, or
      iii. other similar standards acceptable to the director.

Implementation in Yukon Yukon will accept Z94.1-15 based on sections 1.09(a) and 1.18(c)(iii)
of the General Regulation.
 

Foot Protection - 2014 CSA Standard Z195-14

Common PPE & FA Standard 2014 CSA Standard (CSA Z195-14), Foot Protection
Description
 
Where foot protection is required by legislation or regulation CSA Z195-14 will be an accepted standard for foot protection in all jurisdictions.
Current Yukon Regulations

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations OIC 2006/178
Part 1 - General
 
Responsibility for PPE
1.09 All workers shall be provided, at no cost to the workers, with all personal protective equipment, specialty clothing or equipment required by these Regulations except those listed in section 1.08, and the equipment or clothing shall be

(a) selected, used and maintained to provide effective protection in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and recognized standards and these Regulations.
 
Footwear
1.13 The worker shall be required to wear effective and appropriate footwear and ensure that

(a) it is in good condition and provides the required protection,
(b) it is of a design, construction and material type appropriate to the protection required,
(c) footwear selected for toe protection, metatarsal protection, puncture resistant sole, dielectric protection or any combination, meets the requirements of
     i. CSA Standard Z195-02, Protective Footwear,
     ii. ANSI Standard Z41, Footwear, Protective Personal Protection, or
     iii. other similar standards acceptable to the director.

Implementation in Yukon Yukon will accept Z195-14 based on sections 1.09 and 1.13(c)(iii) of the General Regulation.
 

Hearing Protection - 2014 CSA Standard Z94.2-14

Common PPE & FA Standard 2014 CSA Standard (CSA Z94.2-14), Hearing Protection
Description Where hearing protection is required by legislation or regulation CSA Z94.2-14 will be an accepted standard for selecting hearing protection in all jurisdictions.
Current Yukon Regulations

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations OIC 2006/178
Part 1 - General
 
Responsibility for PPE
1.09 All workers shall be provided, at no cost to the workers, with all personal protective equipment, specialty clothing or equipment required by these Regulations except those listed in section 1.08, and the equipment or clothing shall be

(a) selected, used and maintained to provide effective protection in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and recognized standards and these Regulations.
 
Hearing
1.25 Workers shall be required to wear appropriate hearing protection devices provided by the employer when they are required to work in an area where the noise level cannot be controlled below the permissible values established in the Occupational Health Regulations.
 
Occupational Health Regulations OIC 1986/164D

Noise Control
4(1) When a worker’s exposure to stead state noise or impact noise or both exceeds the permissible noise exposure levels the employer shall institute engineering controls to reduce the noise levels to or below the permissible values.
(2) All persons exposed to excessive noise shall be provided with and shall wear a hearing protection device.
(3) A worker’s exposure to stead state or impact noise shall be limited to
the following permissible values: [charts set out levels]
 
5(1) Where muff type hearing protectors are worn, the worker shall be responsible for wearing hair and personal apparel in such a manner that the muff maintains an effective seal around the ears. 
(2) Workers in any work area shall not wear muff type haring protectors or headsets which have been designed or modified to accept AM or FM radio or other music sources.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to muff type hearing protectors designed and used for the express purpose of two-way radio or speech communication.
(4) Every employer shall post and maintain clearly worded warning signs at entrances to, or on the periphery of, areas where persons are exposed to noise levels in excess of the limits specified in these regulations; these signs shall clearly state that a noise hazard exists and shall describe the protective equipment required.

Implementation in Yukon Yukon will accept Z94.2-14 based on sections 1.09(a) and 1.25 of the General Regulation.
 

2017 CSA Standard Z1220-17, First Aid Kit contents

Common PPE & FA Standard 2017 CSA Standard (CSA Z1220-17), First Aid Kit Contents
Description Where first aid kits are required by legislation or regulation CSA Z1220-17 will be an accepted standard for first aid kit contents in all jurisdictions.
Current Yukon Regulations

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations OIC 2006/178
Part 18 - Minimum First Aid Requirements

Schedule 4 - First-Aid Kits
1 In this regulation, “first-aid kit” means a Personal first-aid kit, a Level 1 first aid kit, a Level 2 first-aid kit, a Level 3 first-aid kit or a pre-assembled first-aid kit that is allowed by the director under section 3.

3 (1) Despite any other provision of this regulation, the director may designate a list of equipment as a Personal first-aid kit, a Level 1 first-aid kit, a Level 2 first-aid kit or a Level 3 first-aid kit.

Implementation in Yukon Yukon will accept CSA Z1220-17 based on Part 18 - schedule 4 - sections 1 and 3.
 

PFD’s and life jackets

Common PPE & FA Standard Approved by Transport Canada or Agency approved by Transport Canada.
Description Where PFD or a life jacket is required by legislation or regulations the PFD or life jacket labelled as approved by either Transport Canada or an agency approved by Transport Canada will be an accepted standard in all jurisdictions.
Current Yukon Regulations

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations OIC 2006/178
Part 1 -General

1.35 Personal flotation equipment provided to the worker shall not require any manual manipulation to produce buoyancy, and shall be appropriately labelled and meet the requirements of

(a) CGSB Standard B-65.11-M88, Personal Floatation Devices,
(b) CGSB Standard 65.7-M88, Lifejackets, Inherently Buoyant Type,
(c) CGSB Standard 65-GP-14M, Lifejackets, Inherently Buoyant, Standard Type, or
(d) other similar standards acceptable to the director.

Implementation in Yukon Yukon will accept the proposed standard based on  Part 1-section 1.35(d).